China wholesale price acetic acid 99.8% acetic acid liquid

Short Description:

Acetic Acid

Acetic acid, chemical formula CH3COOH, is an organic monobasic acid, the main component of vinegar.Pure anhydrous acetic acid (glacial acetic acid) is a colorless hygroscopic liquid.Freezing point is 16.6°C (62°F).After solidification, it is a colorless crystal and its aqueous solution is weakly acidic and highly corrosive.It is strongly corrosive to metals and the steam is irritating to the eyes and nose.

Acetic acid is widely distributed in nature, such as in fruit or vegetable oils.Acetic acid exists mainly in the form of esters.In animal tissues, excrement and blood, acetic acid exists in the form of free acid.Many microorganisms can convert different organic matter into acetic acid through fermentation.

Product Detail

Product Tags

Chemical formula: CH3COOH

Appearance: Colorless transparent liquid with pungent odor

Particular weight: 60.05

CAS: 64-19-7

EINECS: 231-791-2

Melting point: 16.6 ℃

Boiling point: 117.9 ℃

Water soluble: Dissolved in water

Density: 1.05 g/cm³

Flash point: 39 ℃

UN No.: 2790

Physical properties:

Boiling point: 117.9℃

Freezing point: 16.6℃

Relative density (water=1): 1.050

Viscosity (mPa.s): 1.22(20℃)

Vapor pressure at 20°C (KPa): 1.5

Refractive Index (n20ºC): 1.3719

Refractive Index (n25ºC): 1.3698

Viscosity (mPa s, 15ºC): 1.314

Viscosity (mPa s, 30ºC): 1.040

Heat of evaporation (kJ/mol, 25ºC): 23.05

Heat of evaporation (kJ/mol, b.p.): 24.39

Heat of fusion (kJ/kg): 108.83

Heat of formation (kJ/mol, 25ºC, liquid): -484.41

Ignition temperature (℃): 426

Explosion upper limit (%): 16.0

Lower explosion limit (%): 5.4

Solubility: soluble in organic solvents such as water, ethanol, ether, carbon tetrachloride and glycerol.

acetic acid-10 acetic acid-13 acetic acid-18

Oxidation reaction

The combustion reaction of acetic acid is an oxidation reaction in a broad sense and the complete combustion of acetic acid will generate carbon dioxide and water vapor. 

Substitution reaction


Acetic acid and ethanol can undergo esterification under the catalysis of concentrated sulfuric acid and heating to generate ethyl acetate. 

α-H halogenation reaction

In the presence of red phosphorus, halogen and acetic acid can undergo α-H halogenation reaction. For example, acetic acid reacts with chlorine gas under the action of red phosphorus to form chloroacetic acid 

Dehydration reaction

Acetic acid can undergo an intermolecular dehydration reaction. One acetic acid molecule will remove an -OH group, while another acetic acid molecule will remove an H, and finally acetic anhydride is formed.

The following is the national standard of the People’s Republic of China on industrial acetic acid:





First grade


Chroma,Hazen Units (Platinum-Cobalt) ≤




Acetic acid content % ≥




Moisture % ≤




Formic acid content % ≤




Acetaldehyde content % ≤




Evaporation residue % ≤




Iron content (as Fe)% ≤




Reduction of potassium permanganate substances min ≥




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Food industry application

In the food industry, acetic acid is used as an acidulant, flavoring agent and flavoring agent in the manufacture of synthetic vinegar,dilute acetic acid to 4-5% with water, add various flavoring agents, the flavor is similar to that of alcohol,the manufacturing time is short and the price is cheap.As a sour agent, it can be used in compound seasonings, in the preparation of vinegar, canned food, jelly and cheese,using in moderation according to production needs.It can also be used as a flavor enhancer for koji wine, and the dosage is 0.1 to 0.3 g/kg.

The harm of acetic acid is related to the concentration of acetic acid solution. The EU classification of acetic acid solutions is exemplified in the table below:

Concentration (mass)





1.67–4.16 mol/L

Irritate (Xi)



4.16–14.99 mol/L

Corrosion (C)



>14.99 mol/L

Corrosion (C)

R10, R35

Because of the strong pungent odor and corrosive vapors, the operation of acetic acid with a concentration of more than 25% should be carried out under an eye mask.Dilute acetic acid solutions, such as vinegar, are harmless.However, ingestion of high concentrations of acetic acid solutions is harmful to human and animal health.

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Storage management

Store in a cool, ventilated warehouse. Keep away from fire and heat sources. In the freezing season, the storage temperature should be kept higher than 16 ℃ to prevent solidification.Keep container tightly closed. It should be stored separately from oxidants and alkalis, and should not be mixed.Use explosion-proof lighting and ventilation facilities. Prohibit the use of mechanical equipment and tools that are prone to sparks. Storage areas should be equipped with emergency release equipment and suitable containment materials.

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